Sparta was leader of an alliance of independent states that included most of the major land powers of the Peloponnese and central Greece, as well as the sea power Corinth. Thus, the Athenians had the stronger navy and the Spartans the stronger army.
During the Greco-Persian Wars, Athens developed a large, powerful navy in the eastern Mediterranean Sea that defeated the even larger Persian Navy at the Battle of Salamis. The Athenian Navy consisted of 80,000 crewing 400 ships. … Its fleet was destroyed and its empire lost during the Peloponnesian War.
Terms in this set (12) Athens had a strong navy. What did Sparta have? Leader of a powerful alliance of Greek city-states after the Persian Wars.
Was Athens Military stronger than Sparta?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece.
The Athenian navy was relatively nonexistent until slightly before the Second Persian Invasion, and it was developed to safeguard Ancient Greece from the Persians. … This is especially true since the Greeks won at the Battle of Salamis, and this is said to have been an important victory in that war.
Who won Sparta or Athens?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
What was Athens military really good at?
Their strength was their infantry, which could only fight on land. In this particular war, a navy was more important since the enemy was arriving by sea. A navy also allowed Athens to move its troops where they needed to go and to launch amphibious assaults.
How old were soldiers trained in Athens?
Unlike Spartan men, Athenian men didn’t have to devote their whole lives to the army. All men in Athens joined the army, but for only two years. They helped defend the city between the ages of 18 and 20.
Did Athens have slaves?
Slaves were the lowest class in Athenian society, but according to many contemporary accounts they were far less harshly treated than in most other Greek cities. … Lowest of all slaves were those who worked in the nearby Laurium silver mines – where most quickly perished.
What are the similarities between Sparta and Athens?
One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an Assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
Is Athens a Sparta?
Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many.
Did Athens or Sparta have militaristic values?
They believed in participation in government as a civic responsibility. Athenians believed in their cultural superiority and in their role in an empire and benefiting from trade. … Spartan culture: Militaristic values. Children of citizens were raised to be “Spartan”, taught to get along with almost nothing.
Why did Athens and Sparta go to war?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.