Frequent question: How did the aristocracy change to a democracy in Athens?

Did Athens have an aristocracy?

The aristocracy ruled Athens. Nearly all government decisions and operations were in the hands of a half-dozen leaders called archons and lesser officials called magistrates. An assembly of nobles, most from wealthy landowning families, elected these leaders each year.

When did Athens become a aristocracy?

From 621 to 508 B.C.E., Athens, one of the largest city-states in Greece, was governed by a series of aristocratic leaders. Aristocrats seized the property of small landowners and created new harsh laws for citizens. As a result, many Athenian families were exiled and their land mortgaged to wealthy aristocrats.

What happened when Athens replaced its monarchy with an aristocracy?

The Athenian Revolution (508–507 BCE) was a revolt by the people of Athens that overthrew the ruling aristocratic oligarchy, establishing the almost century-long self-governance of Athens in the form of a participatory democracy – open to all free male citizens.

How did Athens develop into a democracy?

Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy was different from present-day democracy because, in Athens, all adult citizens were required to take an active part in the government. … When a new law was proposed, all the citizens of Athens had the opportunity to vote on it.

THIS IS FUNNING:  How many hours from Italy to Albania?

Why was Draco a tyrant?

Draco was an Athenian statesman who first wrote down the laws of Athens, but made them very harsh. Draco did not actually create most of the laws, but only wrote them down so that judges would apply the laws consistently. Draco’s laws were very harsh, and prescribed the death penalty even for minor offences.

What was Athens before it was a democracy?

Before the first attempt at democratic government, Athens was ruled by a series of archons or chief magistrates, and the Areopagus, made up of ex-archons. … By granting the formerly aristocratic role to every free citizen of Athens who owned property, Solon reshaped the social framework of the city-state.

What did democracy really mean in Athens?

Athenian democracy refers to the system of democratic government used in Athens, Greece from the 5th to 4th century BCE. Under this system, all male citizens – the dēmos – had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena.

Why is Athens called the cradle of democracy?

Athens was the first city to have laws. Every adult male citizen in Athens was expected to participate in the government. … Athenian rulers could only serve two terms in office.

Why was Persia ultimately unsuccessful in conquering Greece?

Why was Persia ultimately unsuccessful in conquering Greece? Persia had fewer soldiers than Greece to fight its battles. … Persia’s distance from Greece worked to its disadvantage. Persia’s leadership did not match the well-trained Greeks’ leadership.

THIS IS FUNNING:  Quick Answer: Is Albania hot or cold?

What type of government is run by the richest and most powerful citizens?

A plutocracy (Greek: πλοῦτος, ploutos, ‘wealth’ and κράτος, kratos, ‘power’) or plutarchy is a society that is ruled or controlled by people of great wealth or income.

Why do Greeks hate old age?

Those closest to the Gods despise old age the most. The desire to cling to life was thought ‘unmanly’; fear of death and too much fondness of life ‘cowardly’ (Aristotle, Rhetoric: Section XIII, trans.

Why did Greece get rid of their king?

Following the National Schism during World War I and the subsequent Asia Minor Disaster, the monarchy was deposed in March 1924 and replaced by the Second Hellenic Republic. Between 1924 and 1935 there were in Greece twenty-three changes of government, a dictatorship, and thirteen coups d’etat.