Frequent question: How was Greece affected after the Peloponnesian War?

How did the Peloponnesian War affect Greece?

Impact of the Peloponnesian War

The Peloponnesian War marked the end of the Golden Age of Greece, a change in styles of warfare, and the fall of Athens, once the strongest city-state in Greece. The balance in power in Greece was shifted when Athens was absorbed into the Spartan Empire.

Who won the Peloponnesian War and how did it affect Greece after?

The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region.

Why was Greece weaker after the Peloponnesian War?

After the war, all Greek city-states were weakened because they lost economic power. … Why did the Greek city-states lose power after the Peloponnesian War? Because their economy was destroyed, their crops trampled and lost, citites were ruined, and the population was destroyed by plague and fighting.

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What was the long term effect of the Peloponnesian War on Greece?

The long-term effect of the war between Athenian forces and Spartan forces, however, was to weaken the entire Greek world, making it easier for one Philip II of Macedon, and later his son Alexander, to establish Macedonian rule.

Who helped Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

What was the most significant outcome of the Peloponnesian War?

The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. However, it marked the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Like the Athenians before the war, the Spartans believed in rule by force rather than cooperation. … Sparta, however, had another motive for sparing Athens: they feared that a destroyed Athens would add to the growth in influence of Thebes, just north of Athens.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. … The invasion lost Alcibiades, all of the army and navy, and Athens’ morale. Though the war dragged on for another decade, the combined effects of those two problems lost the Peloponnesian War for Athens.

Why did Sparta fight Athens?

The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.

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What did Sparta gain from the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key Greek states, including the elite Athenian navy.

What did Sparta do to Athens after the Peloponnesian War?

After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. … An even closer association with Sparta seemed the best way to remain in power, and Critias, whose loyalty to Sparta was not in doubt, became more influential.

What was the result of the Peloponnesian War quizlet?

What was the result of the Peloponnesian War? cities and crops were destroyed, thousands of Greeks died, the city-states’ military and economic power were weakened for 50 years.