Frequent question: What events caused Sparta and Athens to go to war?

What 3 events helped Sparta win the war with Athens?

What three events helped Sparta win the war with Athens? Athen’s allies switched to Sparta’s side, the Persian Empire provided aid to Sparta, Spart blockaded Athens. What year did the Peloponnesian war end? 404 B.C.

Who is to blame for the Peloponnesian War?

The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia’s influence.

How did Sparta beat Athens?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

As you said, two reasons are commonly given. First, the rivalry between King Pausanias and the nauarch Lysander (with the defeat of Athens being mostly Lysander’s doing, and his enemies aware that he was plotting to seize power in Sparta). Second, that of balance-of-power considerations.

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Why did Sparta declare war on Athens?

When Sparta declared war, it announced that it wanted to liberate Greece from Athenian oppression. And with some justification, because Athens had converted the Delian League, which had once been meant as a defensive alliance against the Persian Empire, into an Athenian empire.

Why did Sparta fight Athens?

The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. … However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

Which is better Athens or Sparta?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. … Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.

What did Sparta gain from the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key Greek states, including the elite Athenian navy.

What did Greek sailors use to help them steer their ships?

What did Greek sailors use to help them steer their ships? Stars guided them. How did the seas influence settlement and way of life in ancient Greece? It allowed Greeks to travel to other lands for new colonies and good trade.

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What caused Athens to lose Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC, an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons.

What was the most important effect of the Peloponnesian War?

The most important effect of the Peloponnesian War was the fact that other nations saw Greece’s lack of unification as weak. The Peloponnesian War was the armed conflict between Sparta its allies and Athens and its allies to gain control over Athens.