How did the court system work in Athens?

How did the courts work in Athens?

Athens. Ancient Greek courts were cheap and run by laypeople. Court officials were paid little, if anything, and most trials were completed within a day, with private cases done even quicker. There were no court officials, no lawyers, and no official judges.

How are court cases decided in Athens?

Whoever received the most votes won the case. If an individual was convicted of a crime, there was a second part of the trial where the jury voted which proposed punishment would be used. The decision of the jury was final. There were no appeals in the Ancient Athenian court.

How did trials work in ancient Greece?

Some trials had as many as 500 jurors who had volunteered to judge a case. Only the jury could bring in a decision that someone was guilty or innocent. The judge only kept order, but could not decide a trial outcome. THE TRIAL: Both sides presented their case.

How is the Athenian law?

Athenians in the 4th century were governed by laws (nomoi or nomos, νόμος, in the singular) and decrees (psephismata, or psephisma, ψήφισμα, in the singular). Decrees were passed by a vote of the Assembly, of the Council, or both. Laws came into being by a more complicated process. Laws took precedence over Decrees.

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What were magistrates in Athens?

Archon, Greek Archōn, in ancient Greece, the chief magistrate or magistrates in many city-states. The office became prominent in the Archaic period, when the kings (basileis) were being superseded by aristocrats. At Athens the list of annual archons begins with 682 bc.

How long were court cases in ancient Athens?

(Portion of larger map of Bernard Suzanne. Reprinted with permission.) The trial of Socrates took place over a nine-to-ten hour period in the People’s Court, located in the agora, the civic center of Athens. The jury consisted of 500 male citizens over the age of thirty, chosen by lot from among volunteers.

Who enforced law in Athens?

The Law in Ancient Greece. The traditions of Athens and Sparta say that the laws were given to them by Solon and Lycurgus, legendary figures who served as leaders of their city-states long ago. The two traditions agree that the laws are made by the Assembly and approved by the Senate.

Who could speak in ancient Athens court?

Whereas a man could speak in court and vote in the Assembly when he was eighteen, he had to wait until his thirtieth birthday to take the juryman’s oath and his place among an annual panel of 6,000 men.

What type of rulership did ancient Greece have?

The four most common systems of Greek government were: Democracy – rule by the people (male citizens). Monarchy – rule by an individual who had inherited his role. Oligarchy – rule by a select group of individuals.

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How did a citizen become a magistrate in Athens?

Magistrates were citizens and officers of the court, who were chosen by lottery for a one-year term. Sometimes magistrates would set a fine as punishment. Other times, they would send the case to trial. Any male citizen over the age of 30 could be chosen to be on a jury for a trial.

What did Athenian courts look like?

One source says that the Athenian Courts were held in three different buildings. These three buildings were adjacent to one another and formed a triangle of open space. All three buildings were spacious which allowed for many people to observe the trial. The three buildings are referred to as buildings A, B, and C.

What laws did Draco create?

Draconian laws, traditional Athenian law code allegedly introduced by Draco c. 621 bce. Aristotle, the chief source for knowledge of Draco, claims that his were the first written Athenian laws and that Draco established a constitution enfranchising hoplites, the lower class soldiers.

What is the strange law in Athens?

Question 1: What was the strange law in Athens? Answer: The strange law in Athens was that the girl had to marry according to her father’s wish. If she would not do so, she would have to live the life of nunnery or die.