How did the Golden Age of Athens come to an end?
The age began with the unlikely defeat of a vast Persian army by badly outnumbered Greeks and it ended with an inglorious and lengthy war between Athens and Sparta.
What led to the end of the Golden Age of Greece?
The Golden Age ended with conflicts between Athens and Sparta that led to the 27-year long Peloponnesian War. Athens was the founder of the Delian League, an alliance of Greek poli that defeated the Persians. Athens collected taxes from the other poli to maintain the military forces required to combat the Persians.
What did the Peloponnesian War cause for Athens?
The Peloponnesian War changed Greece in every way. Nothing was the same after the war, and Athens was never to be as powerful. The causes of the war are that the Athenian Empire upset the Greek world’s balance of power. This greatly alarmed Sparta and its allies.
How did Athens change after the Peloponnesian War?
After the Peloponnesian War, the Spartans set up an oligarchy in Athens, which was called the Thirty. It was short-lived, and democracy was restored. And due to an ill-conceived Spartan foreign policy, Athens was able to recover. … Worse, the Thirty alienated Sparta’s friends.
When was the last golden age?
Between 1967 and 1976 a number of extraordinary factors converged to produce an uncommonly adventurous era in the history of American film.
Why did Spartans hate Athens?
While the Athenian city-state enjoyed a period of democracy, Sparta was a military culture. Although Athenian citizens enjoyed certain freedoms during the time of their democracy, the idea of who made up of a citizen was very strict. … Basically, the two city-states didn’t understand each other.
Did Sparta or Athens win the war?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. … First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes. Finally, the Long Walls were taken down.
What were the terms of Athens surrender?
What were the terms for Athenian surrender? Athens would be Sparta’s ally, the Long Walls would be destroyed, all but 12 of their ships would be surrendered.
What was the most significant outcome of the Peloponnesian War?
The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. However, it marked the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean.
Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War quizlet?
What contributed to Athens losing the Peloponnesian War? – Athens was overcrowded, and a plague spread through the city. – The death of Pericles led the Spartans to attack Athens directly. – The Spartans successfully broke through the walls around Athens.