What groups existed in ancient Greece?
male citizens – three groups: landed aristocrats (aristoi), poorer farmers (periokoi) and the middle class (artisans and traders). semi-free labourers (e.g the helots of Sparta). women – belonging to all of the above male groups but without citizen rights.
What are the 4 governments that came from ancient Greece?
In this chapter, you will explore the four forms of government that developed in the Greek city-states: monarchy, oligarchy, tyranny, and democracy.
Who were the first groups to colonize Greece?
Ionia. Greeks created settlements along the Aegean coast of Ionia (or Asia Minor) from the 8th century BCE. Important colonies included Miletos, Ephesos, Smyrna, and Halikarnassos. Athens traditionally claimed to be the first colonizer in the region which was also of great interest to the Lydians and Persians.
What is the Greek era?
The term “classical Greece” refers to the period between the Persian Wars at the beginning of the fifth century B.C. and the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. The classical period was an era of war and conflict—first between the Greeks and the Persians, then between the Athenians and the Spartans—but it was also …
What is a Greek citizen called?
A citizen of Greece is called ELLIN POLITIS. This is because when the first city was established, it was called Polis in ancient Greek language and it had its own market that was named agora. The word politis translates as the one from the city.
Which Phoenician colony was in existence the longest?
Utica was the oldest Phoenician colony in what is now Tunisia and — after the passing of Carthage — it regained its position as the leading city of the region. In total magnitude and splendor, however, Carthage rightly was known as the greatest Phoenician city in this land.
What were Greek colonies called?
Greek city-states were soon attracted by the fertile land, natural resources, and good harbors of what is now southern Italy and Sicily. These colonies had such a strong Greek identity they were called “Greater Greece” or Megalē Hellas. Cumae was the first colony in southern Italy. It was founded around 740 B.C.
Did Greece colonize any country?
By the seventh and sixth centuries B.C., Greek colonies and settlements stretched all the way from western Asia Minor to southern Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and even to the coasts of southern France and Spain.