What physical features helped create independent city-states in ancient Greece?
Greek civilization developed into independent city-states because Greece’s mountains, islands, and peninsulas separated the Greek people from each other and made communication difficult. The steep mountains of the Greek geography also affected the crops and animals that farmers raised in the region.
What caused the city-states of Greece to develop differently?
Second, Greece’s mountainous terrain led to the development of the polis (city-state), beginning about 750 B.C.E. The high mountains made it very difficult for people to travel or communicate. Therefore, each polis developed independently and, often, very differently from one another.
What was a benefit of the city-states?
Advantages: small, easy to control, centralized. Disadvantages: controlled little territory, many rivals/more conflict.
What were the two main city-states of ancient Greece?
Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many.
What did all the Greek city-states have in common?
All Greek city-states used the same language, honored the same ancient heroes, participated in common festivals, prayed to the same gods. You just studied 5 terms!
What is a drawback of Greece not having major river valleys?
While volcanoes make the soil very fertile, Greece is also a fairly dry region. This makes it hard to farm, especially on islands that do not have major rivers. The large mountains of Greece, furthermore, make it hard to get from one place to another, especially in the years before the invention of automobiles.
What are 3 major aspects of Greek geography?
The country is divided into three geographical regions: the mainland, the islands, and Peloponnese, the peninsula south of the mainland.