What was the greatest Greek city-state?
Athenians thought of themselves as the best city-state in all of ancient Greece. They recognized that other city-states had value and were Greek, but they were the best.
What was the first Greek city-state?
Argos was one of the oldest city-states in Ancient Greece, but it first became a major power under the tyrant Pheidon during the 7th century BC. During Pheidon’s reign, Argos introduced silver coins as well as a standard system of weights and measures that later became known as the Pheidonian measures.
What were the two main city-states of ancient Greece?
Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many.
What was the same in all Greek city-states?
All Greek city-states used the same language, honored the same ancient heroes, participated in common festivals, prayed to the same gods. … Their similarities were, all citizens were men, they believed in the same gods, men received military training, and they were both located in the Aegean region.
When were the Greek city-states most powerful?
It depends on what time period you’re talking about, but for the most part, yes. During the era of “Classical Greece” Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states.
What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Greek polis?
Athens’ strengths included its large size, large trireme navy, wealth, and democratic government. Athens’ weaknesses included its unwritten laws, lack of unity at the beginning, insatiable hunger for new territories, and constant power struggles with other poleis.
What is the Greek era?
The term “classical Greece” refers to the period between the Persian Wars at the beginning of the fifth century B.C. and the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. The classical period was an era of war and conflict—first between the Greeks and the Persians, then between the Athenians and the Spartans—but it was also …
What caused the fall of Greece?
Here are some of the primary causes: Greece was divided into city-states. Constant warring between the city states weakened Greece and made it difficult to unite against a common enemy like Rome. The poorer classes in Greece began to rebel against the aristocracy and the wealthy.