Who was eligible to sit on a jury in ancient Athens?

How were jurors chosen in ancient Athens?

The Athenian jurors were chosen randomly by lot, which meant that juries would consist, in theory, of a wide range of members from different social classes. Jurors were chosen on an annual basis, as were all other offices within the state (with the exception of the generals, known as strategoi).

Who judged trails in ancient Athens?

The trial of Socrates took place over a nine-to-ten hour period in the People’s Court, located in the agora, the civic center of Athens. The jury consisted of 500 male citizens over the age of thirty, chosen by lot from among volunteers.

Who were eligible to be citizens in ancient Athens?

The Athenian definition of “citizens” was also different from modern-day citizens: only free men were considered citizens in Athens. Women, children, and slaves were not considered citizens and therefore could not vote.

Who were the judges in ancient Athens?

Athens. Ancient Greek courts were cheap and run by laypeople. Court officials were paid little, if anything, and most trials were completed within a day, with private cases done even quicker. There were no court officials, no lawyers, and no official judges.

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What was a jury in ancient Athens?

The jury consisted of 500 male citizens over the age of thirty, chosen by lot from among volunteers. Athens used very large numbers of jurors, from 500 to as many as 1501, in part as a protection against bribes: who could afford to bribe 500 people?

Who was considered a citizen in ancient Greece?

Not everyone in Athens was considered a citizen. Only free, adult men enjoyed the rights and responsibility of citizenship. Only about 20 percent of the population of Athens were citizens. Women were not citizens and therefore could not vote or have any say in the political process.

Did the Greeks invent trial by jury?

Trial by jury was not invented by the ancient Greeks. But it was fine tuned. We use many of their steps in our court system today. In the USA today, a defendant can choose to have a judge rather than a jury trial.

What was the biggest difference between government in ancient Athens and in ancient Rome?

What was the biggest difference between government in ancient Athens and in ancient Rome? Athens allowed all citizens to vote, while Rome was a republic. … Each city-state had its own form of government.

How is citizenship in the United States similar to citizenship in ancient Athens?

– In the US, citizens vote, while in ancient Athens, only the Council of 500 voted to pass laws. – In the US, citizens elect representatives to office, while in Athens, elections were not held. – In the US, citizens run the government, while in Athens, citizens elected officials to run the government.

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