Athenian society was composed of four main social classes – slaves, metics (non-citizen freepersons), women, and citizens, but within each of these broad classes were several sub-classes (such as the difference between common citizens and aristocratic citizens).
At the bottom rung of this hierarchy were the slaves (people who could not pay their debts, criminals, or those taken in wars) and, just above them, the peasant farmers who made up 80% of the population and provided the resources which allowed the civilization to survive and flourish for over 3,000 years.
What is the hierarchy of Athens?
Ancient Athens had a social hierarchy that consisted of the Upper Class, the Middle Class, the Metics, and the Slaves.
Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates.
Could slaves in Athens buy their freedom?
Next in status were domestic slaves who, under certain circumstances, might be allowed to buy their own freedom. Often looked upon as ‘one of the family’, during certain festivals they would be waited upon by their masters.
Who is considered the father of Athenian democracy?
Although this Athenian democracy would survive for only two centuries, its invention by Cleisthenes, “The Father of Democracy,” was one of ancient Greece’s most enduring contributions to the modern world. The Greek system of direct democracy would pave the way for representative democracies across the globe.
What is the religion of Greece?
Greece is officially a secular state. However, its religious and social landscape is deeply influenced by the Greek Orthodox Church. It is estimated that 98% of the population identifies with the Greek Orthodox Christian faith.
What were Greek peasants called?
Geōmoroi, also called agroikoi, or Geōrgoi, class of citizens in ancient Greek society. In 7th-century-bc Attic society, geōmoroi were freemen, generally peasant farm holders, lower on the social and political scale than the eupatridae, the aristocracy, but above the dēmiourgoi, the artisans.
One indicator of social status has been peer-perceived popularity, also known as social reputation. At the top of the social hierarchy are typically the popular students who have greater access to the attention and resources of the school community, many times through their association with athletics and cheerleading.
What did Egyptians use to record hieroglyphics?
The ancient Egyptians used the distinctive script known today as hieroglyphs (Greek for “sacred words”) for almost 4,000 years. Hieroglyphs were written on papyrus, carved in stone on tomb and temple walls, and used to decorate many objects of cultic and daily life use.