Why did Athens and Sparta go to war in 431?

What happened in Athens in 431 BCE?

The long anticipated war between Athens and its allies and Sparta and its allies finally broke out in 431 BC. … Numerous small-scale skirmishes took place, but Pericles insisted that Athens avoid land battles and use its navy to cripple Sparta by attacking the coasts of the Peloponnese, the Spartan homeland.

What was the official reason for Sparta declaring war on Athens?

When Sparta declared war, it announced that it wanted to liberate Greece from Athenian oppression. And with some justification, because Athens had converted the Delian League, which had once been meant as a defensive alliance against the Persian Empire, into an Athenian empire.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Like the Athenians before the war, the Spartans believed in rule by force rather than cooperation. … Sparta, however, had another motive for sparing Athens: they feared that a destroyed Athens would add to the growth in influence of Thebes, just north of Athens.

Which is better Sparta or Athens?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers. Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.

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Did Athens beat Sparta?

Athens lost its dominance in the region to Sparta until both were conquered less than a century later and made part of the kingdom of Macedon.

Who is to blame for the Peloponnesian War?

The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia’s influence.

Did Sparta or Athens win the war?

Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. … First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes. Finally, the Long Walls were taken down.

What three events helped Sparta win the war with Athens?

What three events helped Sparta win the war with Athens? Athen’s allies switched to Sparta’s side, the Persian Empire provided aid to Sparta, Spart blockaded Athens. What year did the Peloponnesian war end? 404 B.C.

What did Sparta gain from the Peloponnesian War?

Sparta. As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta, which had primarily been a continental culture, became a naval power. At its peak, Sparta overpowered many key Greek states, including the elite Athenian navy.