What were the two famous city-states of Greece How were they different?
Of these, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city-states. Athens was a democracy and Sparta had two kings and an oligarchic system, but both were important in the development of Greek society and culture.
What were the Greek city-states known for?
Some of the most important city-states include Athens, Chalcis, Corinth, Eretria, Delphi, Sparta and Thebes. Athens was known for being a center of art, science and philosophy. As one of the oldest cities in the world, it is also considered the birthplace of democracy.
Why did the Greeks live in city-states instead of Empires Unlike Persia or China?
One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. … Such a calm and easily navigable sea provided the Greeks with an opportunity to found new colonies in times of crisis and overpopulation.
What were the two main city-states of ancient Greece?
Introduction 2500 years ago, two totally different city-states dominated Greece. Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many.
Why did Athens and Sparta not get along?
War Between Athens and Sparta
Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities – a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states.
Is Athens or Sparta better?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers. Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.
Why did Sparta fight Athens?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. … This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
What was the same in all Greek city-states?
All Greek city-states used the same language, honored the same ancient heroes, participated in common festivals, prayed to the same gods. … Their similarities were, all citizens were men, they believed in the same gods, men received military training, and they were both located in the Aegean region.
What is the religion of Greece?
Greece is officially a secular state. However, its religious and social landscape is deeply influenced by the Greek Orthodox Church. It is estimated that 98% of the population identifies with the Greek Orthodox Christian faith.
Which God or Goddess did the ancient Greeks honor?
Athens worshipped Athena, the goddess of wisdom, as a patron city-state god. The designation of Athena as patron of Athens occurred during the Great Panathenaea in 566 B.C., potentially coinciding with construction of the Altar of Athena Polias.