What is the typical form of a Greek temple?

How would you describe a Greek temple?

Greek temples were grand buildings with a fairly simple design. The outside was surrounded by a row of columns. Above the columns was a decorative panel of sculpture called the frieze. Above the frieze was a triangle shaped area with more sculptures called the pediment.

What is a round Greek temple typically called?

The Greek round temple in the cultural period was called a tholos (beehive) or skias (a type of sun hat, because of its conical roof).

Who is the greatest thinker of ancient Greek?

1. Socrates (469- 399 BC) What is this? Socrates was born in Alopece and is credited with being one of the founders of western philosophy and is the best known of the Ancient Greek philosophers.

What are 3 famous pieces of Greek architecture?

Many of these buildings – the Parthenon, the Caryatid porch of the Erechtheion, the volute of an Ionic capital to name just three – have become the instantly recognisable and iconic symbols of ancient Greece.

What are the 5 main parts of a Greek temple?

Plan of a Typical Greek Temple

  • Stereobate (or substructure).
  • Stylobate.
  • Colonnade (or peristyle).
  • Porch (or pronaos).
  • Cella (or naos).
  • Rear porch (or opisthodomus).

What is a metope in Greek?

In classical architecture, a metope (μετόπη) is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze, which is a decorative band of alternating triglyphs and metopes above the architrave of a building of the Doric order.

THIS IS FUNNING:  How cold was it in ancient Greece?

What are the components of a temple?

The basic form of a Hindu structural temple consists of the following.

  • Garbhagriha: It literally means ‘womb-house’ and is a cave like a sanctum. …
  • Mandapa: It is the entrance to the temple. …
  • Shikhara or Vimana: …
  • Amalaka: …
  • Kalasha: …
  • Antarala (vestibule): …
  • Jagati: …
  • Vahana: