What government did Athens have after the Dark Ages?
Athenian democracy developed around the 5 th century BCE, in the Greek city-state of Athens. It is the first known democracy in the world.
How did Athens fall?
Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC)
Resentment by other cities at the hegemony of Athens led to the Peloponnesian War in 431, which pitted Athens and her increasingly rebellious sea empire against a coalition of land-based states led by Sparta. … The war ended with the complete defeat of Athens in 404.
How did the dark age end?
The Dark Ages ended because Charlemagne united much of Europe and brought about a new period in time of emerging nation-states and monarchies.
Is it true that as the dark age ended land owning nobles overthrew the kings of Greece?
The correct answer is true. It is true that as the dark age ended, land-owning nobles overthrew the kings of Greece. After the dark ages the nobles, who were the aristocracy of Greece, could overthrow the king because they were landowners who possessed large portions of land and the economic power to do so.
What weakened the once powerful Greek city-states?
Years of internal wars weakened the once powerful Greek city-states of Sparta, Athens, Thebes, and Corinth. Philip II of Macedon (northern Greece) rose to power and, in 338 BC, he rode south and conquered the cities of Thebes and Athens, uniting most of Greece under his rule.
Is Athens older than Rome?
Athens is seriously old having been founded somewhere between 3000 and 5000 years BC. However Ancient Rome didn’t spring into life until at least a couple of millennia after the heyday of the great early civilisations in Greece and Egypt.
Did Athens ever beat Sparta?
When Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War, it secured an unrivaled hegemony over southern Greece. Sparta’s supremacy was broken following the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. It was never able to regain its military superiority and was finally absorbed by the Achaean League in the 2nd century BC.
Does Athens fall?
Although Athens was enjoying a golden age while led by Pericles, this soon came to an end and thus began the fall of Athens. That fall began in 431 B.C.E. when the 27 year long Peloponnesian War began. … Both Athens and Sparta longed for dominance, and in May of 431 B.C.E., war broke out between them.
What caused Athens to lose the Peloponnesian War?
Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. … The invasion lost Alcibiades, all of the army and navy, and Athens’ morale. Though the war dragged on for another decade, the combined effects of those two problems lost the Peloponnesian War for Athens.