Why was there a rivalry between Athens and Sparta?

Why did the Athenians and Spartans hate each other?

While the Athenian city-state enjoyed a period of democracy, Sparta was a military culture. Although Athenian citizens enjoyed certain freedoms during the time of their democracy, the idea of who made up of a citizen was very strict. … Basically, the two city-states didn’t understand each other.

Why was Sparta jealous of Athens?

The Spartans were jealous of the Athenians because the politician and general tasked with leading the Delian League — a coalition of a number of Greek city-states to protect Greece from the Persians — was Athenian, not Spartan. … Sparta kept its cool for a while.

Is Athens or Sparta better?

Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. … The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers. Lastly, Sparta is the best polis of ancient Greece because women had freedom.

What was most important to Spartans?

The most important piece of equipment to a Spartan was their shield. The biggest disgrace a soldier could suffer was to lose his shield in battle. Spartan society was divided into specific social classes. Spartan – At the top of Spartan society was the Spartan citizen.

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What caused the downfall of Athens?

Three major causes of the rise and fall of Athens were its democracy, its leadership, and its arrogance. The democracy produced many great leaders, but unfortunately, also many bad leaders. Their arrogance was a result of great leadership in the Persian Wars, and it led to the end of Athenian power in Greece.

What happened to Athens after they lost the war to Sparta?

After Sparta defeated Athens, they ended democracy and set up a new government ruled by the “Thirty Tyrants”. This only lasted for one year, however, as the local Athenians overthrew the tyrants and restored democracy. The Greek soldiers were called hoplites.

What three events helped Sparta win the war with Athens?

What three events helped Sparta win the war with Athens? Athen’s allies switched to Sparta’s side, the Persian Empire provided aid to Sparta, Spart blockaded Athens. What year did the Peloponnesian war end? 404 B.C.